“Chemical engineering” is the branch of engineering stream deals with the design, control, construction, supervision, installing and operating of equipments and the plants for manufacturing the chemical products. It is also involved in the development of new methods for production.
Chemical engineering is a branch of engineering which helps in providing man-made and synthetic material in replacement of limited natural material and resources. Chemical engineering overlaps the other technical fields like, nanotechnology, fuel cells, and biomedical engineering.
“Chemical Engineering is the science that deals with the principles which involves understanding and describing the chemistry, chemical properties, analysis, environment and their control”.
Chemical engineering contains manufacturing paints, plastics, fuels, medicines, fibers, fertilizers, papers, semiconductors and others. A chemical engineer carries out the chemical experiments, resulting purification and cleaning technology for protecting the environment.
Course & Duration
In India, there are several chemical industries and several are moving to our country from abroad. It is a sign of better opportunities for the chemical engineers. Chemical engineering is the broadest field of research and development and this thing offers the various courses in this field.
It is a discipline influencing numerous areas of technology. It involves the production of manufacturing of products through chemical processes.
Several universities and colleges are offering the academic programmes in the field of chemical engineering. There are four types of programmes in chemical engineering in India as the following:
- Diploma courses
- UG degree courses
- PG degree courses
- Integrated degree courses
- Doctoral courses
The required minimum qualification for these courses is 10+2 with science. The diploma courses are leading to the polytechnic diploma. The duration of the diploma courses is 3 years after the completion of 12th standard.
The undergraduate degree programmes are leading to the B.Tech (Bachelor of Technology) degree courses and the B.Sc (Bachelor of Science) degree courses. The duration of the UG degree courses is 3 – 4 years after the completion of 12th standard.
The postgraduate degree programmes are leading to the M.Tech (Master of Technology) degree courses and the M.Sc (Master of Science) degree courses. The duration of the PG degree courses is 2 years after the completion of undergraduate degree programmes.
Some of the universities offer integrated degree programmes leading to the M.Tech (Master of Technology) degree courses. The duration of the integrated degree courses is 5 years after completion of 12th standard.
The all domains of courses in the field of chemical engineering are as the following:
- Diploma in Chemical Engineering
- Bachelor of Engineering (BE) in Chemical Engineering
- Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Chemical Engineering
- Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Chemical Engineering
- Master of Engineering (ME) in Chemical Engineering
- Master of Science (M.Sc) in Chemical Engineering
- Master of Technology (M.Tech) in Chemical Engineering
- Integrated five year M.Tech in Chemical Engineering
For admission in polytechnic diploma programmes and the UG degree leading to the B.Tech degree courses, the candidate must have passed the plus two examinations/12th class/10+2 with the minimum of 50% with science subjects out of chemistry, mathematics and physics.
Many of Indian colleges or the universities have marked the criterion of entrance examination before the admission in any of the above programmes. Some of the entrance examinations are as the following which are conducted by the various universities in India:
- JEE Main
- JEE Advanced 2022
- GATE 2022 (Graduate Aptitude Test Examination)
For admission in diploma courses leading to the polytechnic diploma, the candidates must have to appear in JEEP 2022 entrance examination, and for admission to UG programme, the candidates must have to appear in JEE (Main) entrance examination. Some of the universities conduct their own entrance examinations.
The admission is based on the minimum 50% marks in the qualifying examination and the score in the entrance examination, followed by the counseling and personal interview.
For admission to PG programmes, the students need to attain the GATE entrance examination after the completion of UG degree in the same or equivalent field.
The specializations in the field of chemical engineering are as the following:
- Electronic Materials
- Biomedical Engineering
- Process Engineering
- Food Processing
- Electronic Engineering
- Electronic Materials
- Process Control
- Biochemical Engineering