Civil Engineering

BTech Civil Engineering is a 4-year undergraduate engineering degree that focuses on Building Materials, Construction, and Planning. Students after completing BTech Civil Engineering work on planning, design, and construction of structures like buildings, roads, bridges, canals, etc. Infrastructure engineering, structural engineering, environmental engineering, geotechnical engineering, and transportation engineering are some of the five categories of civil engineering.

The 7 fields of civil engineering are Municipal and Urban Engineering, Transportation Engineering, Construction Engineering, Structural Engineering, Water Resources Engineering, Coastal Engineering, Earthquake Engineering and Environmental Engineering. Furthermore, students with 50% marks (40% in the case of reserved categories) in Maths, Physics, and Chemistry/Biology are eligible for admission to Top BTech Civil Engineering Colleges on the basis of JEE Main and JEE Advanced scores. Also, some state colleges and universities conduct their own entrance exams for admission. 

Post completing a degree in Civil Engineering students can join any top company as a Civil Engineer with an average salary of INR 4 – 5 LPA. The average course fees for the program range from INR 2,00,000 to INR 6,00,000. The average placements recorded in top BTech civil engineering colleges such as NITs, IITs, and VIT Vellore is between INR 3.5- 5 lakhs.

What is BTech Civil Engineering?

  • BTech Civil Engineering introduces you to a curriculum that specializes in planning, design, and construction of roads and buildings. 
  • BTech Civil Engineering is considered one of the traditional engineering branches, yet many colleges are trying to improve the BTech civil engineering syllabus and overall curriculum. 
  • Engineering Graphics and Design, Computer-Aided Analysis, and Design are some of the emerging technologies that are now included in the syllabus.
  • Many colleges and universities like Manav Rachna and alike are coming up with BTech civil engineering along with Green Technology, Sustainable Engineering, and Smart City specializations.
  • Btech civil engineering is one of the popular branches that students specialize in after clearing JEE Mains and JEE Advanced exams as the demand for skilled civil engineers is high due to the ever-increasing population that leaves room for more buildings and commercial spaces.

Why study BTech Civil Engineering?

  • BTech civil engineering is evolving to meet the needs of the contemporary economy. Popular Civil Engineering Colleges In India are now introducing contemporary topics like material science to teach students how to make the most out of the resources available. 
  • Some of the areas that are currently in demand for Btech civil engineering graduates are Transportation Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Structural Engineering, Maintenance, and Rehabilitation of structures.
  • Btech Civil Engineering is a diverse and one of the easiest and less hectic branches of engineering. The only difficult part is Engineering Drawing as quoted by most students.
  • The job opportunities for graduates of BTech civil engineering are expected to grow by 20% within the next two years as quoted in a report by VIT Vellore.
  • Currently, the highest salary package for any civil engineer with a good amount of working experience is INR 50.5 lakhs. 
  • BTech civil engineering graduates from NITs, IITs, and VIT Vellore are known to grab placement offers between INR 15 lakhs- INR 36 lakhs per year.

BTech Civil Engineering Admission Process

BTech Civil Engineering Admission is generally entrance-based. Scoring good cut-off scores in national-level entrance exams such as JEE Main, AIEEE, and JEE Advanced can help you getting admission to a top college. Diploma holders, traditionally in the same field can opt for direct admission to BTech civil engineering 2nd year, based on merit and management quota seats in some colleges.

BTech Civil Engineering Eligibility

The eligibility criteria for BTech Civil Engineering aspirants are not complicated and are as follows. It must be noted that the eligibility criteria will differ from institute to institute.

  • Securing 50% marks in class 10+2 in Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry/Biology makes you eligible for BTech civil engineering.
  • The qualifying aggregate score required in 10+2 levels is at least 50% and above (40% in case of SC/ST/OBC).
  • Candidates who have a diploma in mechanical or allied sciences, done after class 10th, are also eligible for direct admission.

BTech Civil Engineering Entrance Exams

There are a number of examinations held annually for admission into engineering programs. The most popular examination is attempted by lakhs of students in the JEE exam. The most common BTech civil engineering entrance exams are as follows.

  • JEE MAIN 2024
  • BITSAT 2024
  • WBJEE 2024
  • KEAM 2024
  • VITEEE 2024

B.Tech Course Details:

B.Tech OverviewB.Tech Admission

BTech Civil Engineering: Entrance Exam Dates

The dates of application and examination for the above-mentioned examinations are mentioned in the table below.

Exam nameRegistration DateDate of exam
JEE MAINSDecember 2023 – January 2024Phase 1: January 24 to February 1, 2024
Phase 2: April 1 to 15, 2024
JEE ADVANCEDTo be Announced To be Announced 
WBJEETo be Announced To be Announced 
MHT CETTo be Announced To be Announced
BITSATTo be Announced To be Announced

How to Prepare for BTech Civil Engineering Entrance Examinations?

To help candidates prepare better and efficiently for the entrance examinations, the following pointers can be referred to.

  • Prepare a timetable for studying. Include each topic in every subject and stick to the timetable. This will ensure the entire syllabus is covered at least once. Allocate time daily to studies.
  • Clear up the basics. The basics will form the base for the more advanced chapters later on. A strong understanding of the basics will be useful.
  • Practice, practice, practice. Engineering entrance examinations are all about practice. Take mocks and attempt as many as sample papers as possible.
  • Allocate time separately for the more difficult topics. If needed, approach a teacher or a tutor to help go over the topics again.
  • Many toppers recommend depending on the NCERT books of the 10+2 levels. One must be thoroughly clear with the school books before purchasing more books.

BTech Civil Engineering Syllabus

The subjects taught for BTech Civil Engineering are almost similar in most of engineering colleges. The syllabus for the entire B. Tech Civil Engineering course is as follows.

Semester 1Semester 2
Functions of Several VariablesSeries and Matrices
Physics IPhysics II
Physics Lab. 1Engg Mechanics
Intro to Civil Engg.Chemistry I
Intro to ProgrammingChemistry Lab.
Engg. DrawingCE Materials and Construction
Ecology and EnvironmentLife Skills II
Life Skills I
Semester 3Semester 4
Math. 3Structural Analysis
Mechanics of MaterialsGeotechnical Engg. 1
Transportation Engg. ITransportation Engg. 2
Hydraulic Engg.Environmental Engg.
SurveyingScience Electives (Maths/Physics/Chemistry)
Humanities Elec. 1
Semester 5Semester 6
Life SciencesBasic Steel Design
Geotechnical Engg. 2Construction Project Management
Water Resources Engg.Humanities Elective 2
Basic RC Design
Hydraulic & Environ. Engg. Lab.
Construction Material Lab
Semester 7Semester 8
Humanities Elective 3Professional Ethics

BTech Civil Engineering Subjects

The core Btech civil engineering subjects that are in every renowned college’s syllabus and curriculum are mentioned below. The core Btech civil engineering subjects are spread across the BTech Civil Engineering 2nd year syllabus and BTech Civil Engineering 4th year syllabus.

Fluid MechanicsStrength of Materials
Geotechnical EngineeringConcrete Technology
Environmental EngineeringComputer-Aided Design
Hydraulics MachinerySolid Mechanics
Irrigation and HydraulicsWater Resources Engineering
Transportation EngineeringStructural Analysis

Top BTech Civil Engineering Colleges

The top colleges teaching BTech Civil Engineering are divided into two categories- Government colleges and Private Colleges. 

BTech Civil Engineering Government Colleges

The top ten engineering colleges offering BTech Civil Engineering programs at the undergraduate level, as per NIRF’s 2020 Engineering Ranking list are as below.

College NameCityAverage Annual Fees (in INR)
Indian Institute of TechnologyMadrasINR 75,000
Indian Institute of TechnologyDelhiINR 2,24,900
Indian Institute of TechnologyBombayINR 2,11,400
Indian Institute of TechnologyKanpurINR 2,15,600
Indian Institute of TechnologyKharagpurINR 82,070
Indian Institute of TechnologyRoorkeeINR 2,21,700
Indian Institute of TechnologyGuwahatiINR 2,19,300
Indian Institute of TechnologyHyderabadINR 2,22,900
National Institute of TechnologyTiruchirappalliINR 1,61,200
Indian Institute of TechnologyIndoreINR 2,33,900

BTech Civil Engineering Specialisations

The specializations of BTech Civil Engineering can be made into three parts. The 3 main specializations of BTech Civil Engineering are mentioned below along with the average course fee and average placement package.

SpecialisationDescriptionAverage Course Fee (INR)Average Placement Package (INR)
Structural EngineeringStructural Engineering is responsible for creating stable and environmentally safe structures while keeping in mind the rigidity, strength, etc. of the structure. 1,50,0003,30,000
Transportation EngineeringA civil engineer that works on the building and construction of safe and stable transportation systems is a transportation engineer. From conception, planning, design, and operation, etc. is handled by the transportation engineer. They work on airways, railway, ports, harbors, etc.1,50,0004,60,000
Construction EngineerConstruction Engineering is a civil engineer that designs, manages, and overlooks projects in the construction industry. The range of projects includes sewage systems, railways, roadways, mechanical, electrical projects, etc.1,30,0005,30,000

BTech Civil Engineering: Course Comparison

BTech Civil Engineering is a course that might be similar to many courses. The comparisons mentioned below will enable the students to understand the differences and similarities between the courses. 

BE Civil Engineering vs. BTech Civil Engineering

The course comparison between BE Civil Engineering and BTech Civil Engineering is as follows.

ParametersBE Civil EngineeringBTech Civil Engineering
Duration4 years4 years
Focus AreaIt is a theory-oriented course and deals with the study of structures like buildings, bridges, roads, dams, canals, etc. The course is usually offered by public institutes.It is an application and skill-based course that deals with the study of creating structures like buildings, bridges, roads, dams, canals, etc. It is usually offered by universities, both public and private.
Admission CriteriaState or national level entrance examination.State-level or national level entrance examination score.
Eligibility Criteria10+2 with at least 60% aggregate score with PCM subjects.10+2 with at least 60% aggregate score with PCM subjects.
Average Course FeesINR 1,00,000 to INR 6,00,000INR 2,00,000 to INR 6,00,000
Job OptionsCivil Engineer, Architect, Technical Officer, Manager, Business analyst, Assistant Executive Engineer, etcCivil Engineer, Transportation Engineer, Water Resource Engineer, Structural Engineer, Environmental Engineer, Civil Engineering Technicians, etc
Areas of EmploymentCivil Engineering companies, Water Resources, Engineering Transportation companies, Tunnel Engineering companiesIrrigation companies, construction, and structural engineering companies, land development, urban development, etc.
Average Placement PackageINR 3,00,000 to INR 7,80,000INR 3,00,000 to INR 5,00,000

BTech Structural Engineering vs. BTech Civil Engineering

A comparison between B. Tech. Civil Engineering and BTech Structural Engineering have been put in a table below.

ParametersBTech Structural EngineeringBTech Civil Engineering
OverviewIt is a field of civil engineering that works on the design and build-up of structures.It is a field that works on large-scale infrastructure projects.
Focus AreaThe focus is on practical applicationsThe focus is also on practical applications along with theoretical knowledge
Admission CriteriaAdmission is through an entrance examination qualifying score and a round of counseling.Students are admitted on the basis of a national or state-level entrance examination score.
Eligibility Criteria10+2 pass out with PCM and 50% aggregate scoreCandidates must be 10+2 pass out with PCM subjects with at least 60% aggregate score.
Average Course FeesINR 1,50,000INR 2,00,000 to INR 6,00,000
Areas of EmploymentBuilding construction, pipelines and bridge construction, etc.Irrigation companies, construction, and structural engineering companies, land development, urban development, etc.
Job OptionsPlanning Engineer, Assistant Engineer, Project Engineer, Site Engineer, etcCivil Engineer, Transportation Engineer, Water Resource Engineer, Structural Engineer, Environmental Engineer, Civil Engineering Technician, etc
Average Placement PackageINR 3,30,000INR 3,00,000 to INR 5,00,000

BTech Civil Engineering Scope

The graduates can prefer to do jobs after completion of BTech Civil Engineering or can go for higher studies. The most popular choices of education post completing a BTech Civil Engineering degree are as follows.

  • MTech: It is the postgraduate course after BTech Civil Engineering. If one wishes to continue in the same field of education, the first program of choice is MTech Civil Engineering. It is a two-year course and the eligibility criteria include having a BE or BTech in Civil Engineering.
  • MBA: Many engineering graduates choose to go for the management route by choosing to study for a PGDM or MBA program. Admissions are done through a national-level entrance examination. Having a BTech Civil Engineering degree together with an MBA in a specialization of choice is highly advantageous and many organizations actively search for such candidates.
  • Competitive examinations: Another route that graduates can opt to go for is to prepare for competitive examinations. Examinations that are meant for job opportunities in Government sector organizations are the most popular.

What Does a Civil Engineer do?

Civil Engineer works in the construction sector. The different job positions in civil engineering plan, design, and construct infrastructure to make our lives easier. They are responsible for both managerial and ground level working of civil engineering. A fresher starts from the basics and goes up the ladder with experience.     

BTech Civil Engineering Jobs & Salary

The civil engineering field has limited job opportunities as compared to fields like IT or software. Civil engineers are hired in many different sectors of the industry from oil and energy, petroleum to chemical and power facilities, etc. Some engineers are also able to secure jobs in sectors like banking, consulting, and software, etc.

Some of the most common job profiles that a BTech civil engineer student is hired for are mentioned in the table below, along with job description and salary package.

Name of Job ProfileJob Description The average salary
Civil EngineerCivil Engineers are responsible for designing, planning, construction, supervision, maintenance, etc. of infrastructure projects like roads, dams, bridges, etc.INR 3,10,700
Transportation EngineerA transportation engineer is tasked with the design, building, and maintenance of transport systems and projects like airports, railways, highways, etc.INR 4,64,500
Water Resource EngineerWater resources engineers manage and design new systems of human water resources. They work on underground wells, springs, water treatment facilities, etc.INR 6,65,000
Structural EngineerStructural engineers are responsible for creating structures that can withstand stress due to human use or environmental damage. From using the correct construction material to ensuring the structural soundness of the buildings, it is up to the structural engineer.INR 4,97,000 
Environmental EngineersEnvironmental engineers are responsible for managing projects for environmental safety and protection like air pollution control systems, water reclamation systems.INR 4,53,000
Civil Engineering TechniciansThe duties of a civil engineering technician are similar to that of a civil engineer. They conceive, design, construct, and maintain infrastructure projects.INR 3,00,000

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