What is Bachelor of Physiotherapy or BPT Course?

BPT or Bachelor of Physiotherapy is a professional undergraduate degree that skillfully trains to enable candidates to treat muscle spasms and injuries of movement. The duration of the BPT course is 4 years, followed by a 6 months internship period. The eligibility criteria for BPT admission is to pass the higher secondary class from any recognized board/institution with a minimum of 50% marks in the final exam. Interested candidates are advised to go through BPT Course Syllabus to acquire a better understanding of the course, which covers the different aspects of human anatomy to impart a detailed understanding of the organisms. The core subjects of BPT include Human Anatomy, Biochemistry, Pathology, Biomechanics, and Sociology. As professional graduates of a BPT degree, candidates will be required to look after the physical and muscular health of individuals. The course enables individuals to treat locomotion problems and muscular issues caused by aging, diseases, injuries, disorders, etc. The admission process for the BPT degree course includes clearing university-level entrance exams such as IPU CET, IEMJEE, LPUNEST, BCECE, VEE, and more.

Several top colleges like Jamia Hamdard University, New Delhi, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University – [Ggsipu], New Delhi, Kasturba Medical College – [Kmc], Mangalore, Parul University, Vadodara, Uka Tarsadia University, Bardoli, Amity University, Noida, Christian Medical College – [Cmc], Vellore, NIMS University, Jaipur, etc. offer admission to BPT programme. The overall course fee ranges between INR 80,000 to INR 5 LPA. Professional graduates of the BPT course are eligible to work both in the public and private sectors of the country. Some of the BPT job profiles that students can apply to include Therapy Manager, Osteopath, Physiotherapist, Customer Care Assistant, Researcher, Assistant Physiotherapist, Research Assistant, Sports Physio Rehabilitator, Sports Physiotherapist, Self Employed Private Physiotherapist, etc. The starting BPT Salary usually ranges between INR 2 LPA to INR 8 LPA.  

BPT Course Details: Highlights:

The Bachelor of Physiotherapy course is an undergraduate program that lasts for 4 years and a six-month internship period. It is mandatory to do an internship for six months with a recognized hospital for successful completion of the BPT course. The course fee of BPT is between INR 1-5 Lakhs and has an average salary package up to INR 8 Lakhs per annum. Check the Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT) course highlights tabulated below.

Course NameBachelor of Physiotherapy
Short FormBPT
Course LevelUndergraduate
Course TypeDegree Course
Course Duration4.5 Years
Eligibility Criteria10+2
Course FeeINR 1 Lakh to INR 5 Lakh
Admission ThroughMerit-Based or Entrance Exam
InternshipMandatory 6 months internship with a recognized hospital
Employment AreasHealth Institutions , Defence , Medical Establishments, Fitness Centres, Educational Institutions , Hospitals ,Physiotherapy ,Equipment Manufacturers, Orthopedic Departments
Job ProfilesTherapy Manager, Customer Care Assistant , Osteopath , ,Physiotherapist ,Researcher Assistant ,Sports Physio Rehabilitator , Self Employed Private Physiotherapist, Sports Physiotherapist
SalaryINR 2LPA to INR 8 LPA

BPT Full Form

BPT full form stands for Bachelor of Physiotherapy. It is a 4-year course programme which allows students to study the field of rehabilitative medicine. All students pursuing a BPT degree are required to participate in the compulsory 6 months rotatory internship, post completing the course duration. 

Why choose BPT course?

BPT is still a new career opportunity, and is catching up with the mainstream courses in the recent past. Due to the change in daily lifestyles all over the world has led to a huge number of people ailing from various forms of pain and motion restricting illnesses. Physiotherapists are not only needed to aid people suffering from chronic pain, but they also help in various other cases to revive locomotion. Listed below are some of the reasons to choose a BPT Course.

In India, there is a high demand for physiotherapists, and various types of patients require theses services, especially those recovering from surgery and accidents as well as those suffering from chronic conditions such as arthritis. Students who graduate with a BPT Degree can work as sports physiotherapists, physiotherapists, osteopaths, or consultants, and earn an average of INR 5 LPA.

BPT Specialisations

There are no BPT specialisations available for candidates at the undergraduate level. However, one can opt for various specializations available during postgraduate studies and higher education. Some of the specializations available post completion of BPT are Cardiovascular & Pulmonary Clinical Specialist (CCS), Geriatric Clinical Specialist (GCS), Orthopedic Clinical Specialist (OCS), Neurology Clinical Specialist (NCS), Pediatric Clinical Specialist (PCS), to name a few.

The specialisation courses aim at equipping the candidates for specialised care in different fields or dedicated parts of the body. Check listed below some of the popular specialisations available after BPT:

Neurological PhysiotherapyThis specialization predominantly deals with the treatment of motion difficulty related to the body’s neurological system. Any damage caused to the central nervous system, including the brain and spine, leads to restricted movement and smooth body functions. Spinal cord injury, brain injury, stroke, and problems in balancing are a few of the ailments that require Neurological Physiotherapy.
Geriatrics PhysiotherapyDisorders such as osteoporosis and arthritis in the elderly are treated by a physiotherapist who has specialised in the field of Geriatrics Physiotherapy. The field predominantly works with the elderly.
Pediatrics PhysiotherapyThis specialisation deals with the development of movement in babies. Paediatricians work towards improving the quality of life of children with neuromuscular disorders such as cerebral palsy and autism.
Orthopaedic PhysiotherapyA combined knowledge of the anatomy, physiology and pathology of the skeleton and soft tissues covers the field of expertise of orthopaedic physiotherapy. Orthopaedics are predominantly concerned with the management of the disorders related to the musculoskeletal system. Some of the common problems that are treated by Orthopaedics include back and neck pain, hip fracture, osteoporosis, arthritis, and bursitis.

BPT Eligibility Criteria

Bachelor of Physiotherapy is an undergraduate degree course one can opt for after completing their 10+2 board examination. Check the eligibility criteria for the course as tabulated below.

BPT Eligibility Criteria
Minimum Qualification Required10+2
Subject CombinationPhysics, Chemistry and Biology as compulsory subjects (sometimes English too)
Minimum Marks Required50% (relaxation is given to the reserved category students)
Minimum Age Required17 Years
NoteCandidates are required to get their marks verified during the time of admission through the original copies of their documents and mark sheet

BPT Degree Admission Process: How to Apply for BPT?

Admission to BPT is done through BPT application process conducted by different individual colleges. There are no common entrance tests for admission into BPT. The admission process is done on the basis of merit, i.e. on the scores obtained by the candidate in the 10+2 board examinations. Some BPT colleges provide admission on the basis of college-specific entrance examinations.

(BPT) Admission Process
Minimum Qualification10+2 Examination
Minimum Aggregate Score50% aggregate marks in 10+2 board examination
Entrance Examination No common entrance testAdmission on the basis of merit College-specific entrances
Documents Required10+2 board mark sheet for verification of marksClass 10 board certificate for verification of age Caste certificate (if any) Migration CertificateCharacter Certificate from former institution10+2 pass certificate
Registration FeeVaries for different BPT colleges

Entrance Exams for BPT

Although there are no common entrance exams for BPT admissions, many colleges offering the course choose to conduct college-specific entrance exams for admission into the course. Apart from merit, candidates need to score above the minimum qualifying score in these entrances to gain admission to the desired BPT college. For admission, interested individuals must have a minimum of 50% aggregate marks (45% for SC/ ST) in their 10+2 board exams. The qualifying scores vary according to the category. Some of the entrance exams for BPT courses in India are listed below:

Entrance ExamExam DateDetails
IPU CETMay 28, 2023Conducted in online modeTotal duration of the exam is 2 hours 30 minutesMultiple choice questions askedA total of 150 questions are framed+4 for correct answer-1 for wrong answer
LPUNESTApril 5 – 30, 2023Exam conducted in online modeMultiple choice questionsNo negative markingTotal duration of exam is 150 minutes
METMay 28, 2023Total marks is 240Exam conducted in online modeDuration of exam is 2 hoursNAT and multiple choice questions askedTotal 30 questions are asked
BCECETo be announcedTotal of 100 multiple choice questions askedConducted in offline mode+4 for correct response-1 for incorrect response

BPT Subjects & Syllabus

BPT syllabus covers the aspect of human physiology through its biological and chemical composition and helps equip the candidate with ample knowledge about the working of human physiology. They are also taught soft skills that can enable them to connect with the patients and understand them better. Tabulated below is the detailed course structure for all four years.

For Theory Papers:

The semester wise theory syllabus of BPT is listed below:

Semester I
Human Anatomy-IBasic Computer Information And Soft SkillHuman Physiology -I
BiochemistrySociology & Psychology
Semester II
Human Anatomy-IiHuman Physiology -IiBasic Principles Of Biomechanics
Open Elective
Semester III
Pathology & MicrobiologyBiomechanics & KinesiologyFoundation Of Exercise Therapy 
PharmacologySoft Tissue Manipulation
Semester IV
Medical Physiotherapy Law And EthicsExercise TherapyOpen Elective
Semester V
General Medicine Including Paediatrics & PsychiatryClinical Orthopaedics & TraumatologyCommunity Medicine
Obstetrics And GynecologyGeneral Surgery Including Burns And Plastic SurgeryInterpretation Of Diagnostic Imaging Technology
Semester VI
Physiotherapy In Orthopedics And SportsClinical Neurology And PsychiatryPhysiotherapy In General Medicine
Introduction To Recent Trends In PhysiotherapyGeneral Surgery
Semester VII
Principles Of Management, Critique Inquiry Case Presentation And DiscussionClinical Cardiovascular & Pulmonary
Physiotherapy In Neurology & Psychosomatic DisorderHealth Promotion And FitnessBiostatistics & Research Methodology
Semester VIII
Physiotherapy In Cardiovascular &PulmonaryAdministration And Teaching SkillsCommunity Physiotherapy
Clinical Reasoning Evidence Based Physiotherapy

For Practical:

The BPT Practical syllabus for 8 semesters is mentioned below:

Semester 1 – 

  • Human Anatomy- I Lab
  • Human Physiology –I Lab

Semester 2 – 

  • Human Anatomy-Ii Lab
  • Human Physiology –Ii Lab
  • Basic Principles Of Biomechanics Lab

Semester 3 – 

  • Biomechanics & Kinesiology Lab
  • Foundation Of Exercise Therapy & Soft Tissue Manipulation Lab
  • Clinical Observation 

Semester 4 – 

  • Clinical Observation
  • Exercise Therapy
  • Electrotherapy

Semester 5 – 

  • Clinical Orthopedics & Traumatology
  • Community Medicine
  • Interpretation Of Diagnostic Imaging Technology
  • Clinical Education
  • General Medicine Including Paediatrics & Psychiatry
  • General Surgery Including Burns And Plastic Surgery & Obstetrics And Gynecology

Semester 6 – 

  • Physiotherapy In Orthopedics And Sports
  • Clinical Education
  • Clinical Neurology And Psychiatry
  • Physiotherapy In General Medicine And General Surgery

Semester 7 – 

  • Physiotherapy In Neurology & Psychosomatic Disorder
  • Clinical Education
  • Health Promotion And Fitness
  • Clinical Cardiovascular & Pulmonary

Semester 8 – 

  • Physiotherapy In Cardiovascular, Pulmonary & Intensive Care
  • Community Physiotherapy
  • Clinical Reasoning & Evidence Based Physiotherapy
  • Administration And Teaching Skills
  • Research Project
  • Clinical Education

Difference between BPT and BSc in Physiology course

There are certain differences between BPT and BSc in Physiology degrees. Knowing these minute differences can help in making a sound decision about the appropriate course to pursue between the two. Often mistaken to be similar or the same, find the difference between BPT and BSc in Physiology degrees tabulated below for reference.

Difference between BPT and BSc in Physiology
Bachelor of PhysiotherapyBachelor of Science in Physiology
Level UndergraduateUndergraduate
Name of the courseBachelor of PhysiotherapyBachelor of Science in Physiology
Short NameBPTBSc in Physiology
Duration4.5 Years3 Years
Exam TypeSemesterSemester
InternshipMandatory 6 months with a recognised hospital.
Minimum Qualification10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology.10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology.Minimum 50% aggregate marks.
Selection ProcessMerit-Based/ Through Entrance ExamMerit-Based/ Through Entrance Exam
Fee Structure INR 1 Lakh to INR 5 LakhsINR 15,000 to INR 4 LPA
Average SalaryINR 15,000 per month to INR 8 LPAINR 3.5 LPA to INR 6 LPA
Employment SectorsHealth InstitutionsDefence Medical EstablishmentsFitness Centres, Educational InstitutionsHospitalsPhysiotherapy Equipment Manufacturers Orthopaedic DepartmentsHospitalsPrivate ClinicsResearch LaboratoriesColleges & Universities Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology LabsResearch Labs
Job ProfilesTherapy ManagerCustomer Care AssistantOsteopath Physiotherapist ResearcherAssistant PhysiotherapistResearch Assistant Sports Physio RehabilitatorSelf Employed Private Physiotherapist Sports PhysiotherapistGeneticist AssistantHealthcare Administrator Lab AssistantPersonal Trainer Research Assistant Medical Content Writer

Career Options after BPT Course

Rapid urbanization in India has changed the lifestyle of people. With most of the youth now moving toward the corporate world, the stress levels have increased massively. Therefore, the demand for good physiotherapists is rising.

Physiotherapists are required in private orthopaedic clinics, hospitals, rehabilitation centres, fitness centres, sports centres, defence establishments, etc. Highly qualified physiotherapists can also start their own clinics and attend to their patients’ needs. Following are the job profiles and employment areas that one can apply for after graduation.

Employment AreasHealth InstitutionsDefence Medical EstablishmentsFitness Centres, Educational InstitutionsHospitalsPhysiotherapy Equipment ManufacturersOrthopedic Departments
Job ProfilesAssistant PhysiotherapistResearcherLecturerTherapy ManagerPrivate PhysiotherapistSports Physio RehabilitatorOsteopathCustomer Care AssistantConsultant

BPT Scope in India

BPT therapists are always in demand in the current global health scenario due to the increase in a number of health complexities of the modern world. Many modern day medical issues consist of a highly professional Physiotherapy programme guided by those trained in the subject. Therefore, the scope of BPT Course is listed here:

  • Rehabilitation centres: Working in rehabilitation centres for different kinds of peoples ranging from, psychiatric, orthopaedic or neurological disorders and even paediatric needs, with using different methods of treatments for different issues, including behavioral healing, psychological counselling and support services for psychiatric issues. 
  • Special schools: Assisting children with special needs, from neurological disorders, locomotive disorders, dyslexia or intellectual disability, by providing support of various kinds. 
  • Industrial Medical Facilities: Performing various kinds of assessment, therapies and workplace adjustments for employees to determine whether an employee is able to perform job functions effectively. They are paid really well in industrial roles with attractive perks.
  • Educational Institutions: Teaching and assisting students in their studies, planning internships in various fields and project work.
  • Geriatric Centres: Helping older people in carrying out their daily activities, keeping them happy by indulging in various activities of interests. Senior citizens face several issues as they grow old which include immobility, instability, incontinence, impaired intellect/memory, Impaired vision and hearing loss or may be some chronic problems. 

What is BPT Salary?

After completing the BPT programme, you can draw a starting salary ranging from Rs. 5,000 to Rs. 30,000 per month. This will vary depending on your performance during graduation, college and the internships that you have taken up. There is also a good salary scope for physiotherapists in the field of sports. Most of the national-level sports teams and centres require qualified physiotherapists to look after sportspersons. Here is the tentative salary for different levels in the profession of a Physiotherapist.

Job ProfileAverage Salary Scale
Assistant PhysiotherapistINR 2 LPA to INR 5.6 LPA
Customer Care AssistantINR 1.75 LPA to INR 4 LPA
Therapy ManagerINR 3 LPA to INR 5.75 LPA
Sports Physio RehabilitatorINR 2.5 LPA to INR 5 LPA
OsteopathINR 7 LPA to INR 13 LPA

Related Courses