B.Sc MLT Introduction:
Medical Laboratory Technology is a clinical laboratory science helps diagnose, treat and prevent disease through clinical laboratory tests. It is complementary to medical science. It involves analysis of body matter such as fluid, tissue, and blood. It also covers micro-organism screening, chemical analyses, and cell count. These professionals, medical lab technicians and technologists, play an important role in collecting information, sampling, testing, reporting and documenting medical investigations.
Duration: 3 years + 6 months internship.
Eligibility :10+2 with at least 45% marks in PCB/PCM or DMLT from any state technical board or university.
Course Contents: Human anatomy, physiology, pathology, medical microbiology, clinical Biochemistry, clinical hematology, histopathology, preventive medicine and Health care. Internship for 6 months with a reputed hospital.
Medical Lab Technology Graduate & Postgraduate has a wide choice of carrier opportunities in health care sector, both rural and urban environment including community aspects of health care and of rural health care services.
The sphere of services encompass the fields of clinical laboratory testing, hospitals, medical and research institutes, blood banks and R&D divisions of laboratories of government and private hospitals.
Medical Technologist work covers areas such as:
• Blood banking
• Clinical Chemistry (chemical analysis of body fluids)
• Haematology (blood related)
• Immunology (study of immune system)
• Microbiology (study of bacteria and other disease organisms)
• Cytotechnology (study of human tissue)
• Urine analysis
• Blood Sample Matching
• Drug Efficacy Tests
Technologists may also conduct research supervised by medical researchers.They are responsible for maintaining report accuracy, conducting complex tests, and generally have more training than a medical laboratory technician, who performs routine testing under stipulated conditions.Technicians may help by preparing specimens and operating automated sample analysing machines, set up testing equipment, keep the lab clean, maintain tools and conditions etc.
Medical Laboratory Technology Courses
Aspirants of medical laboratory technology can take up courses both at diploma and undergraduate levels. The B.Sc. programme in medical laboratory technology is offered by different medical colleges/institutions across the country. The degree awarded is B.Sc.-M.L.T. The pre-requisite for B.Sc. Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT) is 10+2 with science subjects or equivalent from a recognized University or Board. The duration of the course is 3 years. There are also other certificate courses for lab technician careers which needs 10+2 with science subjects. Courses are offered by colleges, universities as well as hospitals. The hospitals are usually affiliated with a college or university.
Medical Laboratory Technology Job Prospects
Medical technologists are an integral part of the medical profession. These professionals get involved in practical and technical work to aid correct diagnosis and effective functioning of Biochemical Laboratories.
The career prospects in this field depend on the academic and technical skills of the technologist/technician. Initially he/she joins any laboratory as a certified medical laboratory technician. These days with the growth in the private sector there are so many private hospitals, nursing homes, blood banks, pathology laboratories etc. the demand for laboratory technicians is on the up-swing.
With adequate knowledge and experience, Medical Laboratory Technologists can advance to supervisory or management positions in laboratories and hospitals. They can also work as Laboratory manager/Consultant/supervisor, health care Administrator, Hospital Outreach coordination, laboratory information system Analyst/Consultant, educational consultant / coordinator etc. Additional opportunities are available in molecular diagnostics, molecular biotechnology companies and in vitro fertilization laboratories as well as in research labs.