Texttile engineering“Textile engineering” is one of the popular disciplines of engineering fields. It is a big research field of technology. Textile engineering spins around the garment, color and fabric line of industries.
“Textile Engineering is the science that deals with all activities and methods which are involved in the process of textile manufacturing”.
Textile engineering contains the principles, law and scientific techniques which are utilized for development and manufacturing the textile fabrics and all type of yarns. It also involves the study of principles of science that deals with the analysis of polymers involves in the formation of textile fiber.
There are over the thousand textile mills across the country. The textile sector plays a role in the growth of Indian economy. There are two types of textile sectors in India as one is handloom sector and second is mechanized sector.
Course & Duration
Textile engineering is about to the design and control of the fiber, apparel and textile process, machinery and products. India is one of the top cotton agriculture countries around the world. We are rich with the cotton & silk farming.
Many universities and colleges have been launched the specialization courses in textile manufacturing / textile engineering. In the curriculum of these courses, the students get to know about the interaction of material with machine, natural and man-made materials, energy conservation, pollution, waste control and safety and health.
There are four types of programmes in textile engineering in India as the following:
Polytechnic diploma course with the duration of 3 years after 10+2 examination
· Diploma in Textile Technology / Textile Engineering
· Diploma in Fabrication Technology & Erection Engineering
UG degree courses leading to the B.Tech with the duration of 4 years after 10+2 examination
· Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Textile Engineering
PG degree courses leading to the M.Tech with the duration of 2 years after the completion of UG degree in engineering.
· Master of Technology (M.Tech) in Textile Technology
· Master of Technology (M.Tech) in Textile Engineering
· Master of Technology (M.Tech) in Textile Chemistry
Doctoral degree courses leading to the PhD domain with the duration of 1-2 years after the completion of PG degree.
For admission in polytechnic diploma programmes and the UG degree leading to the B.Tech degree courses, the candidate must have passed the plus two examinations/12th class/10+2 with the minimum of 50% with science subjects out of chemistry, mathematics and Biology.
Many of Indian colleges or the universities have marked the criterion of entrance examination before the admission in any of the above programmes. Some of the entrance examinations are as the following which are conducted by the various universities in India:
· JEEP (Joint Entrance Examination Preliminary)
· AIJEE (All India Joint Entrance Examination)
· GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test Examination)
For admission in diploma courses leading to the polytechnic diploma, the candidates must have to appear in JEEP entrance examination, and for admission to UG programme, the candidates must have to appear in JEE (Main) entrance examination. Some of the universities conduct their own entrance examinations.
The admission is based on the minimum 50% marks in the qualifying examination and the score in the entrance examination, followed by the counseling and personal interview.
For admission to PG programmes, the students need to attain the GATE entrance examination after the completion of UG degree in the same or equivalent field.
The specializations in the field of textile engineering are as the following:
Knitting and Knit CAD
Weaving and Weave CAD
Yarn and Non-woven Technology
Textile Materials and Performance Evaluation
Textile chemical technology
Fiber science technology
Computer application in textile