Basic and Advance Science

B.sc

Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) or B.S. is one of the most popular academic degree courses among the science students after class 12th. The duration of B.Sc. degree course ranges from 3 years to 5 years, depending upon the country in which you are studying for eg. In India the course is generally of 3 years whereas in Argentina the course duration is 5 years.
The B.Sc. degree course is a graduate degree course in Science; this can be a part-time or full-time course. This course forms the basis of science and comprises of the subjects like physics, chemistry, biology, zoology and mathematics.
After the completion of the B.Sc degree there are various options available for the science students, they can go for master degree in Science i.e. M.Sc, go in a research area and can even look for professional job oriented courses. Often, in some reputed universities or colleges in India and abroad the students are recruited directly by big MNC’s after their completion of the course.
Streams:

Bsc Agriculture
Introduction
Agriculture is concerned with cultivation, processing and marketing of crops & livestock. Most of the specializations in agriculture have a strong focus on the innovative use of technologies for higher productivity and optimal use of natural resources. India is one of the leading agricultural country in the world, agricultural sector contributes 29.4% of GDP and employs about 64% of the work force.
o Duration:4 Years (8 Semesters)

Eligibility for B.Sc. Agriculture
A person who has secured at least 50% marks ( 45% in case of candidate belonging to Scheduled cast/tribes) of the aggregate marks in four compulsory subjects i.e. Chemistry, Physics, Biology/Math and English taken together of 10+2 pattern or equivalent examination from recognized Board/University shall be eligible to join the first semester of the course OR Intermediate/10+2 with agriculture subjects.

Career Opportunities
Agriculture has both of opportunity in government as well in private sectors. Unlimited career opportunities exist for agricultural and agro-based graduates in recent years due to changes in global economy and trade liberalization. Market-led agriculture, technology-led agriculture, consumer driven agriculture, futures marketing, intellectual property rights, agribusiness, precision farming, bio-fuel crops, micro irrigation, and market intelligence area a few areas which shape the agriculture of the future. A lot of opportunities exist in State Government Agricultural departments, Agriculture Development Officer (ADO) or as Block Development Officer, Food Corporation of India, and Central institute for fish agriculture, agriculture officer in banks, Dairy consultancies, insurance companies and the animal industry. Additionally, plenty of job opportunities exist in Microbiology laboratories, Biochemistry laboratories, Genetic engineering laboratories, Botany laboratories, Plant biology laboratories.
Students can have job opportunities in companies like Monsanto, Syngenta, Bayer Crop Science, Shriram Fertilizers & Chemicals Ltd., Jain Irrigation System Ltd., Reliance Industries Ltd., Nuziveedu Seeds Ltd., Raasi Seeds Ltd., Biscco Agro Products Pvt. Ltd., National Agro Industries., Krshidhan Seeds Pvt. Ltd., Naamdhari Seeds Pvt. Ltd., Bharat Agro Molecules, Atlas Industries, Amarseeds Pvt. Ltd.

Why to choose this course
In choosing of Agriculture Degree you will be joining one of the most highly regarded departments in India. Agriculture is the mainstay of rural communities, and a significant Indian industry sector. The breadth of the Agriculture degree includes agricultural diversification, environment management, and agricultural production systems and it will provide you with the practical and theoretical understanding to manage a sustainable business. Completion of the Agriculture degree you will have the core capabilities and skills demanded by employers.
This BSc in Agriculture offers you a detailed tour of all aspects of the agricultural industry and Agriculture Institutes looking at a range of highly important subjects such as sustainability, environmental management and technology. This course will prepare you for work in this modern industry, which demands detailed knowledge across a broad range of areas.

Bsc fishiries
Introduction
Fisheries science” is the academic discipline of managing and understanding fisheries. It is a multidisciplinary science, which draws on the disciplines of aquaculture, fish processing, fisheries resource management, fisheries environment, fishing technology and management and fisheries extension.
o Duration:4 Years (8 Semester)

Eligibility for B.F.Sc. Fisheries Sciences
Candidate should have passed the 10+2 pattern with two subjects of Biological Science with at least 50% marks in the aggregate for General category candidates and 45% marks for SC/ST/PH category candidates from this University or any other examination recognized as equivalent thereto.

Job Opportunities
Fishery Science is a field that offers a wide range of career avenues and fisheries graduates can find job opportunities in public sector organizations like fisheries department and nationalized banks. A career in Fisheries Science will create modern fishermen, breeders, traders, exporters, farm managers and aqua culturists. Fishery science courses can enable a person to execute fisheries development plant and even for development of such plans.

Bsc Agriculture hons
Introduction
Agriculture is concerned with cultivation, processing and marketing of crops & livestock. Most of the specializations in agriculture have a strong focus on the innovative use of technologies for higher productivity and optimal use of natural resources. India is one of the leading agricultural country in the world, agricultural sector contributes 29.4% of GDP and employs about 64% of the work force.
o Duration:4 Years (8 Semesters)

Eligibility for B.Sc(Hons) Agriculture
A person who has secured at least 50% marks ( 45% in case of candidate belonging to Scheduled cast/tribes) of the aggregate marks in four compulsory subjects i.e. Chemistry, Physics, Biology/Math and English taken together of 10+2 pattern or equivalent examination from recognized Board/University shall be eligible to join the first semester of the course OR Intermediate/10+2 with agriculture subjects.

Career Opportunities
Agriculture has both of opportunity in government as well in private sectors. Unlimited career opportunities exist for agricultural and agro-based graduates in recent years due to changes in global economy and trade liberalization. Market-led agriculture, technology-led agriculture, consumer driven agriculture, futures marketing, intellectual property rights, agribusiness, precision farming, bio-fuel crops, micro irrigation, and market intelligence area a few areas which shape the agriculture of the future. A lot of opportunities exist in State Government Agricultural departments, Agriculture Development Officer (ADO) or as Block Development Officer, Food Corporation of India, and Central institute for fish agriculture, agriculture officer in banks, Dairy consultancies, insurance companies and the animal industry. Additionally, plenty of job opportunities exist in Microbiology laboratories, Biochemistry laboratories, Genetic engineering laboratories, Botany laboratories, Plant biology laboratories.Students can have job opportunities in companies like Monsanto, Syngenta, Bayer Crop Science, Shriram Fertilizers & Chemicals Ltd., Jain Irrigation System Ltd., Reliance Industries Ltd., Nuziveedu Seeds Ltd., Raasi Seeds Ltd., Biscco Agro Products Pvt. Ltd., National Agro Industries., Krshidhan Seeds Pvt. Ltd., Naamdhari Seeds Pvt. Ltd., Bharat Agro Molecules, Atlas Industries, Amarseeds Pvt. Ltd.

Why to choose this course
In choosing of Agriculture Degree you will be joining one of the most highly regarded departments in India. Agriculture is the mainstay of rural communities, and a significant Indian industry sector. The breadth of the Agriculture degree includes agricultural diversification, environment management, and agricultural production systems and it will provide you with the practical and theoretical understanding to manage a sustainable business.Completion of the Agriculture degree you will have the core capabilities and skills demanded by employers. This BSc in Agriculture offers you a detailed tour of all aspects of the agricultural industry and Agriculture Institutes looking at a range of highly important subjects such as sustainability, environmental management and technology. This course will prepare you for work in this modern industry, which demands detailed knowledge across a broad range of areas.

Bsc agri business management
Introduction
Agribusiness is the business of food, agricultural commodity and fiber production and the technology necessary to change a raw material (a commodity) or an idea into a new product or business for the world’s consumers. Producing, financing, marketing, and providing food, agricultural commodities and fiber for the world amounts to more than one-half of the global economy. Following world population increases, forecasters have predicted that more than nine billion food and fiber consumers will be part of the global agribusiness system by the year 2050. They have also estimated that, at that time, more than 20,000 agribusiness jobs will go unfilled due to a lack of skilled professionals. A degree in Agribusiness Management focuses on agribusiness and business development in non metropolitan regions. Agribusinesses in these regions tend to be smaller and more self-sufficient, which poses special challenges and opportunities. The program is also of interest to students seeking a career in rural enterprise development. The program offers training in the use of business, marketing, financial management, economics, and computer applications to address agribusiness management and small enterprise development in agriculture. This degree program combines knowledge of business management and agricultural systems with an understanding of how the market economy works and the appropriate role of government regulation.
o Duration:4 Years (8 Semesters)

Eligibility for B.Sc. Agribusiness Management
Eligibility: Candidates for admission to the first year of the Under Graduate Degree courses shall be required to have passed the Higher Secondary Examinations with in 10+2 with any streams Commerce / BA / Medical / Non-Medical).

Study Programme:
Introduction of Agribusiness Management, Concepts of Genetics and Crop Breeding, Principles of Analytical Chemistry, Fundamentals of Microbiology, Applied Mathematics, Fundamentals of Information technology, English Effective for Communications, National Service Scheme/ National Cadet Corps, Physical Education, Agribusiness Environment Analysis, Fundamentals of Agricultural Metrology, Agricultural Marketing, Fundamentals of Human Resource Management, Production of Agricultural Crops, Principles of Agricultural Economics, Fundamentals of Horticulture, Principles of Food Science and Processing Applied Microbiology.

Job Opportunities
Students should choose Agribusiness Management as their major if they are interested in the business side of agriculture or Cultivation. Beyond that, students feel they are learning valuable skills that will help them succeed in both business and agriculture sector. This course also encourages students to explore the Agribusiness, Agri Research, Agri marketing and economics. After Completion of this degree the student can apply for both public and private job and if the student want to study further he/ she can do M.B.A Agribusiness Management/M.B.A (Agriculture management/Horticulture Business Management).
Students can be placed in Agriculture Insurance Company of India Ltd., Bicco Agro Products Pvt Ltd, Agri-Science Park, India Limited, Indian Oilseeds & Produce Exporters Association (IOPEA) etc.

Bsc biotechnology
Introduction
At its simplest, Biotechnology is technology based on biology – biotechnology harnesses cellular and biomolecular processes to develop technologies and products that help improve our lives and the health of our planet.
o Duration:3 Years (6 Semesters)

Eligibility for B.Sc. Biotechnology
The candidates who passed the Bachelor’s degree in Sciences with subjects in the Life Sciences / Biological / Medical / Engineering / Food / Agriculture / Home Science and Medical Lab Technology (MLT) are eligible. Besides the candidates who have passed the Bachelor’s degree in science with any of the following subjects are also eligible: Mathematics / Statistics, Physics and Chemistry with minimum of 50% marks (45% marks for SC/ST students).

Career Opportunities
When most people think of opportunities for careers in biotechnology, they think of a scientist in a white coat in a laboratory developing drugs to improve the quality of life. However, biotechnology has a wide variety of career opportunities ranging from sales and marketing, to research and development, to manufacturing and quality control and assurance. The biotechnology industry continues to flourish nationwide. Not only are the total number of biotechnology companies increasing, but employment in the biotechnology field continues to grow as well.
Students can have the job openings in Biocon, Serum Institute of India, Panacea Biotec, Piramal Healthcare, Wockhardt Limited, Bharat Serum, Krebs Biochemicals and Industries Limited, Monsanto Biotech, Novo Nordisk, Indian Immunologicals and many more.

Why to choose this course
There are more than 400 Biotechnology companies in India. These organizations are including many top MNC and Research Centre. The innovations and products of these companies are boosting business and developing lot of new opportunities for professionals and students in this field. The Government of India is helping in promotion of new innovative medical products as well as such organizations in biotechnology fields by allowing direct foreign investment, by waiving custom duties, and by providing funds & incentives for research in these fields. Today the career in these industries is great. Within the organizations, there are different departments and as biotechnology is covering many subjects of sciences, so for biotechnologist opportunities are more as they are preferred for working either it is production / manufacturing , Quality Department, Quality Control department, Document specification management, compliance department, Research and Development Department, Quality Engineering, New product development or even Regulatory departments. Today with development in this field, India is one of the Hub of Biotechnology industries.

Bsc horticulture
Course Summary
Duration 4 years; 8 semesters
Eligibility :10+2 with minimum 45% marks in aggregate with PCB/PCM.
Course Contents: Horticulture, Soil science, Genetics, Cytogenetics, Plant Breeding, Entomology, Pathology, Microbiology, Olericulture, Pomology, Floriculture, Post Harvest Technology, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Apiculture & Agro forestry.

Career Opportunities
Horticulture has promises for the welfare and health of the society and nation as well. It has been recognized as one of the most important enterprises for improving the economy of nation in general, and of hill region in particular, besides generating self employment.
It is an extremely diversified field with nearly unlimited career opportunities. Horticulturists play a vital role in the cultivation of fruit crops, flowers and vegetables. The scope deepens wide with the cut flowers for export to different countries. In addition, post harvest handling of the fruits, vegetables and flowers provide an opportunity for value addition of the horticultural produce. A professional in this field can opt career as Floriculturist, Olericulturist or Pomologist.

Bsc microbiology
Introduction
Microbiology can be defined as the biology of microscopic organisms, or life too small to be seen with the naked eye. Microbiology covers several disciplines, including virology (study of viruses), bacteriology (study of bacteria), mycology (study of fungi), and parasitology (study of parasites). Each of these disciplines may include but is not limited to studies of infectious disease-causing microorganisms.
o Duration:3 Years (6 Semesters)

Eligibility for B.Sc. Industrial Microbiology
The candidate should have passed, the 10+2 Examination of Punjab School Education Board or any other examination recognized or equivalent there to with Medical or Non-Medical subjects.

Study Programme :
Chemistry, Cell Biology, Fundamentals of Microbiology, Biochemistry, Microbial Physiology, Metabolism & Genetics, Food & Industrial Microbiology, Environmental Microbiology, Microbial Technology, Bio-statistics, Bioinformatics, Entrepreneurship Development, English, Punjabi, Environmental Education, Tissue Culture.

Job Opportunities
A microbiologist finds openings in the following sectors: Pharma Sector: To study the microbes, evaluating antibiotics and developing vaccines by fermentation. Food/Fermentation Industry: to maintain the quality of food products and prevent their spoilage by Microorganisms. In Agro Industry: To develop Biofertilizers and Bio pesticides. Environmental Industry: To impart consultancy to the industries for setting up/operation & maintenance of ETPs. Research & Development/Teaching : To conduct research in private/government establishments and impart teaching at the UG/PG level. The Microbiologist get placed in companies/industries organization as Biomedical scientists, Mycologists, Protozoologists, Biochemist, Biotechnologist, Analysts, Microbiologists, Cell Biologists, Geneticists, Immunologists, Parasitologists Science Writer, Teachers & Virologists. Microbiologist can work in wide areas of Laboratories, Private Hospitals, Research Organizations, Pharmaceutical Industries, Food Industry, Beverage Industry, Chemical Industries, Environmental Agencies & Agriculture Departments.